Goa is one of those states of India to have a fascinating history. In fact, of all other things the rich history of Goa has made this smallest state of India famous and has interested historians through years. The history of Goa, which is popularly known as the beach capital of India, dates back to 3rd century BC. It was during this time Goa became a part of Mauryan Empire. Colonial rule, glorious culture, oppressive rulers make the rich history of Goa.
The sheer inaccessibility of Goa by land has routinely kept it out of the mainstream of Indian History. On the other hand, its command of the oceans and its s superiority in the lucrative spice trade made it a much-coveted reward for nearly all colonial powers. Until a century before the appearance of the Portuguese in Vasco Da Gama who settled beside Kozhikode in Kerala in 1498, Goa had belonged for over a thousand years to the kingdom of Kadamba. In the interim it had been effectively conquered by the Karnatakan Vijayanagars, the Muslim Bahmanis and Yousuf Adil Shah of Bijapur but the capture of the fort at Panaji by Alfonso De Albuquerque in 1510 indicated the start of a Portuguese occupation that was to last for 450 years.
Goa encompasses an area of 3702 square kilometers.it is bounded by the state of Maharastra on the north and Karnatakaon the east and the south .The Arabian sea makes up the states west coast .Goa has a coast line of 101 kms which comprises of beautiful beaches .Its main rivets are the Mandovi ,the Zuari ,the Terekhol,Chapora and the Betul.The Mandovi and Zuari are the life lines of the state .Goa has one of the best natural habours in South Asia known as Mormugao.Goa being in the tropical zone has a warm and humid climate .Goa consists of 3 seasons namely the summer, rainy or the wet season and the cool season .temperatures can reach a max of 35 degrees in summer and 18 degrees in the cool season , the rainy or wet season last between june and september.
Rice and fish curry is the staple diet of the people of Goa .Coconut is widely used in the preparation of many dishes along with chilli,spices and vinegar.Some of Goa's most sought after dishes are prawn curry and rice, crab xec xec ,pork vindaloo,sorpotel,sannas and last but not the least the best dessert of the state bebinca.The most popular local alocoholic beverage is feni, cashew feni is made from the fermentation of the cashew fruit while coconut feni is made from the sap of the coconut palm tree locally known as toddy or sur in konkani.